Heavy stuff !! For political scientists and sociologists. But also an essential read for those who want to look ahead what may be coming (P2P Collaboration) in these turbulent transitionary times.
This book (and his video-lectures explaining it, see the link below) is essential fundamental knowledge to understand history, its empires, and the interdependencies created by their modes of exchange to the outside world. And Kojin Karatani describes how the Four Modes of Exchange for goods and knowledge shaped communities all over the world and are still at work shaping and clustering groups of people by power and/or mutual shared interests. It should be understood that Karatani streeses the fact that the four modes can and will coexist and interwork like 4 different staircases in a building, just like my Trias Internetica , is a call for new (multimodal) balance instead of a unipolar dominance of either Capital or State or Market-power.
A = gift exchange rural tribes, B = State power hierarchy, C = Market invisible hand of Neo-Liberalism D = ? new incarnation of A with modern ways of communicationa and Commons exchange ? To repeat: new combinations of A & B & C & D will appear.
In my “Trias Internetica” the combination of Civil Society (A & D) & The State (B) & The Market will result in synergetic value creation by way of Synthesis (combination of diverse contributions from diverse tribes —> Synthecracy
Book description on the publishers site:
Lecture video 1 of 34 (press the Youtube icon on lower right)