( RECOMMENDED! REBLOGGED FROM NESTA.org.uk http://www.nesta.org.uk/publications/collective-intelligence-how-does-it-emerge )
Collective Intelligence: How does it Emerge ?
This paper discusses the cognitive, social and technological prerequisites for collective intelligence.
- Collective intelligence emerges when there is a balance between technology, governance and joint goals.
- Collaboration builds on our cognitive capabilities to think as we and have joint intensions.
- Technology should make visible the assemblages of information and support the modification of knowledge.
- Organisational models must mimic cultural transmission allowing for imitation, appropriation and combination.
The report includes a detailed case study of the Missing Maps project engages thousands of volunteers to map vulnerable areas for humanitarian intervention and disaster relief using satellite imagery and Openstreetmap, an open data-mapping platform. This is a powerful example of collective intelligence which allows us to analyse what are the prerequisites for new forms of collaboration.
We discuss the cognitive predisposition that allows humans to elaborate shared intentions, the characteristics of digital tools that support co-ordination across time and space, and the systems of governance that encourage the free transformation of knowledge.
The challenge is not only to create settings where people can share and communicate, but also to provide the means for knowledge to be made public, to be assembled, sedimented and reflected upon.
Stefana Broadbent and Mattia Gallotti (School of Advanced Studies, University of London)
THE FULL PAPER CAN BE DOWNLOADED FROM: http://www.nesta.org.uk/sites/default/files/collective_intelligence.pdf
PS. It proves that ‘ Van Till’s Law ‘ DOES work: crux in this article is (1) people with very diverse (levels of) skills and expert knowledge contribute (2) into a flocking [1,2] fast shared learning group.
Jaap van Till, TheConnectivist