Dear fellow #Synthecrats,
1. As you know we are moving in the direction of an “Economy of Sharing” (NL: DeelEconomie”. This covers a very wide range and many forms of sharing. From @Ebay (NL: marktplaats) on Internet to Abe Pierre/Emaus second hand stores, but also sharing cars and temporary apartments (by @AirBnB) is getting popular. And do not forget that essentially Google Search and Facebook are ‘P2P commons’ where we share links, gossip and photo’s.
2. The crux of sharing of non physical resources is that they do not deminish in value by sharing but instead can increase if combined / mixed / reused with other knowledge/info/art. Instead of ‘Tragedy of the Commons’ for sharing certain physical stuff, sharing of some non-physical stuff can result in a ‘Triumph of the Commons’. In the Dutch Language this constructive phenomenon can be summed up by “Delen = Vermenigvuldigen” and have defined the Forth Networking Law for it, called ‘Van Till’s Law’ :
V ~ N ! (the value of sharing for all participants grows by N factorial of he number of unique contributions) [I have presented this law often, but will describe it soon in this blog too]
3. So there are incentives for sharing if the ‘P2P commons’ is constructed well in terms of INTERCONNECTIONS and tasks. That is necessary since sharing is a big step away from private ownership or for instance Intellectual Property (IP) ownership by an enterprise. Sharing to enable a process of improvements for instance is the basis for the ‘Open Source Software Development’ movement, but also discussions on Twitter and photo’s on InstaGram. We learn together by contributing ! Synergy appears since individual self interest and community common interest are not in conflict but are well balanced and well understood.
4. In more general terms a lot of ‘community clusters’ to co-operate / co-laborate exist.
A. It is of vital importance for these clusters to survive is that it is clearly defined from the start “what IS shared” (common in the cluster, for instance a common interest or shared AIM) and “what IS NOT” (private property of each participant). Or in other terms “what is non-competitive (i.e. non combat zone in Internet Exchanges) and what is each ones competitive specialty service.
B. New for the share economy is that you can participate / be member of several of the clusters at the same time and ‘located’ in different places/ contexts, as long as the aims of these clusters do not conflict.
C. I define here a new general term for the ‘community clusters’ (groups of individuals): a #SHARESOME , which apply rule A and B (NL: een #DEELZAAM)
D. A ShareSome can exhibit emergent behavior, which means behavior which can not be traced back to acts or thoughts of its individual participants.In this case we see ‘Collective Intelligence‘. For instance the Un-chaotic behavior of the tens of thousands of Umbrella Demonstration participants in Hong Kong which must have baffled the authorities in Beijing.
5. Examples of ShareSome’s / Deelzaam’s are: (Most probably there are more that I have missed here, please comment about them, and I will add them here, with your name attached)
= P2P Commons
= Learning Group
#DAO = Decentralised Authonomous Organization, see: https://medium.com/@Swarm/the-second-wave-of-blockchain-innovation-270e6daff3f5
Jaap van Till, Connectivist