Wondering how the Internet functions?

Better readable in article, see link below

Hat tip to the AMS-IX and Peter van Burgel, CEO.

  1. Have you ever wondered how the internet functions? Read this interesting #article by Internet Society in which they explain everything about the #internet #ecosystem


In fact this article describes WHO (Organisations) play a role in the development and running of the “network of networks“.

2. In fact the ISOC.ORG article does not state WHAT Internet is. Here are two definitions:

A. “The Internet, or simply the Net, is the publicly available worldwide system of interconnected computer networks that transmit data by packet switching using a standardized Internet Protocol (IP) and many other protocols.” Source : https://www.igi-global.com/dictionary/ict-healthcare-closer-look-role/15369

B. The formal definition, see https://theconnectivist.wordpress.com/2015/09/01/what-is-internet/ Fred Goldstein did define it like this:

” An internet is a voluntary agreement among private network operators to exchange traffic for their mutual benefit”  (The Internet is a prototype internet.) That’s all — it’s an agreement.

It’s not a network, or a Thing of any kind.  Part of the agreement is to exchange routing information.  In order to reduce conflict, IANA assigns address blocks. Etc.

3. To visualize the Internet i made a drawing of it like the Mandelbrot  Fractal, see https://theconnectivist.wordpress.com/2017/07/20/internets-expand-in-a-fractal-pattern/

jaap van till, TheConnectivist

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Landmark book The Network Weaver Handbook

“The Network Weaver Handbook” (June 2017) by June Holley is a practical guide for people interested in catalyzing a new Network of People or enhancing an existing one.

And it is becoming more urgent each day to get people to cooperate online and offline to help eachother, to solve problems and to change society in positive directions.

It can be downloaded for $20 from this link: https://networkweaver.com/product/network-weaver-handbook-pdf/

For an extra $30 you can recieve an copy on paper (aboit 400 pages !!) by snail mail.


  1. REVIEW KA (Kelly Ann) McKercher gave the following review about this handbook:

The Network Weaver Handbook by June Holley is a treasure trove of resources for anyone working in change. I particularly like June’s articulation of the shifts in deep structures we’re seeing. June describes:

🪜 A shift in how we relate to each other from hierarchy to peers working together to co-create [worlds] that work for all

🪜 A shift from pressures of conformity to a deep appreciate of our differences and the ability to use those differences to make breakthroughs in our creative processes

🪜 A shift from a control mentality to creation of a web of support that enables us to find others, communicate easily, access resources and reflect on our work (p.9)

Image description: A photo of a white, spiral bound book – the front features a lines and nodes that make up a network and the title is: ‘network weaver handbook – written by June Holley.’ Thanks Euan Black for the recommendation.


2. Description

The Network Weaver Handbook is a practical guide for people interested in catalyzing a new network or enhancing an existing one. Each chapter contains a short section describing key concepts, case studies, and many activities. Following each chapter is a resource section with readings, handouts, checklists, and worksheets — which you can easily duplicate and hand out to people in your network. 398 pages. 


INTRODUCTION Why Networks? 8 Does a Network Approach Make a Difference? 12 How to Use This Handbook 13


CHAPTER 1. STARTING WITH NETWORKS Section 1. Networks Basics 16 Section 2. Using the Social Web to Support You and Your Network 24 Reflections on Starting with Networks 27

CHAPTER 2. NETWORK LEADERSHIP Section 1. Leadership Roles in Networks 29 Section 2. You are a Network Weaver 39 Section 3. Network Weavers Work Together 40 Network Weaver Checklist 43 Network Weaver Roles 45 Catalyzing Networks 47 What Network? 48 How Will We Work Together? 49 Reflections on Network Leadership 50

CHAPTER 3. HOW TO INTRODUCE A NETWORK APPROACH TO OTHERS Section 1: How Networks Are Different 51 Section 2. How Do We Share What We Know? 55 Section 3. Using the Social Web to Make the Case for Networks 56 Why Networks? 58 Why Networks? (2) 60 When a Network Lens Is Useful 61 Organization – Network 62 Combining Organizational and Network Approaches 63 Thoughts about Introducing a Network Approach 65


CHAPTER 4. ANALYZIG AND VISUALIZING YOUR NETWORK Section 1: The Relationship Network 68 Section 2: Network Mapping 69 Section 3: Getting Ready to Analyze Network Maps 71 Section 4: Assessing Your Network 75 Options for Mapping 78 Practice Analyzing a Map 79 Map Your Network 81 Questions for Analysis 82 Analyzing Maps 83 Steps to A Healthier 88 Network Map 88 Characteristics of a Healthy Network 91 Assessing Your Network 92 Priorities for Your Network 95 Moving To Action 96 Thoughts on Visualizing and Assessing Your Network 100

CHAPTER 5. CONNECTING TO INCREASE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF YOUR NETWORK Section 1. What is a Network Connector? 101 Section 2. Listening to Connect 102 Section 3. Closing Triangles 103 Section 4. Helping Others Learn to Close Triangles 104 Section 5. Adding New People to the Network 105 A Network Connector Story 108 Visualizing Your Personal Network 110 My Network Connector Plan 111 Listening to Connect 112 Identifying Potential Triangles 113 Twosies Checklist 114 Closing Triangles (from Jack Ricchiuto) 115 Closing Triangles 116 Expanding Your Periphery 117 Who is Missing? 118 Connecting Clusters Worksheet 119 Thoughts about Increasing the Effectiveness of Connections 120

CHAPTER 6. CREATING A NETWORK CULTURE Section 1. Network Values 121 Section 2. Network Behaviors 123 Network Values Checklist 129 Awareness Activities 130 Opportunity-seeking 131 Appreciation 132 Accurate Assessment 133 What can I give? 134 Thoughts about Building the Network Culture 135

CHAPTER 7. ENGAGING YOUR NETWORK Section 1. Interacting in New Ways 136 Section 2. Increasing Participation through Engagement 137 Section 3. Engaging Difference 139 Section 4. Deep Reflection, Everywhere, All the Time 140 Appreciative Interviews 142 Increasing Participation Through Engagement 143 Bringing Together Difference for Better Outcomes 144 Questions to Ask That Lead to Deep Reflection 145 Sample Reflection Ideas 146 Thoughts about Engaging Your Network 147

CHAPTER 8. TRUST IN NETWORKS Section 1. Understanding Trust 148 Section 2. Assessing Levels of Trust 149 Discussion on Trust 151 Creating a Culture of Trust 152 Trust and Networks: How Can We Go Deeper? 156 Network Trust Assessment 165 Sharing Strengths and Challenges: 167 Personal Trust Assessment 167 Thoughts about Trust in Networks 169


CHAPTER 9. SELF_ORGANIZING Section 1. Understanding Self-organizing 172 Section 2. Moving to self-organizing 179 Section 3. Integration and Reflection 181 Section 4. Project Coordination 181 Section 5. Coaching Project Coordinators 183 Section 6. Social Web Platforms to Support Project Coordination 184 Section 7. Using Social Web Platforms to Support Other Self-organization 186 Self-organized Projects 189 Opportunity Process 190 Project Coordination 191 Project Coordinator Role 192 Ground Rules for Small Groups 193 What Do Project Coordinators Need to Think About? 194 Project Coordinator Coach 195 Thoughts about Self-Organizing 196

CHAPTER 10. FROM INNOVATION TO TRANSFORMATION Section 1. How Do Networks Lead to Transformation? 198 Section 2. Creating a local innovation ecosystem 199 Section 3. Leadership for Innovation 209 The End of Footbinding in China as an Example of the Power of Networks 212 Innovation Asset Assessment 214 Identifying Innovators 216 Network Transformation 217 Learning from Small Experiments 218 Thoughts about Innovation in Networks 219


CHAPTER 11. INTENTIONAL NETWORK BASICS Section 1. Definitions and History 222 Section 2. Identifying your Intentional Network 231 Section 3. Leadership in Intentional Networks 237 Section 3. Network Elements 238 Network Focal Point 240 Network Function Assessment 241 Your Network Needs to Decide… 244 Thoughts about Intentional Network Basics 246

CHAPTER 12. FORMING A NEW NETWORK Section 1. Introduction 247 Section 2. Forming a Network 248 Section 3. Steps in Organizing Your Network 248 Forming A New Network: Are We Ready? 257 Network Interest Tracking 258 Map Drawing Activity for New Networks 259 Sample Cooperative Agreements 260 Thoughts about Starting a New Intentional Network 263

CHAPTER 13. TUNE-UP FOR AN EXISTING NETWORK Section 1. Coordinating the tune-up process 264 Section 2. Assessing Your Network 265 Section 3. Tune-up 265 Assessing Your Current Issue Strategy 271 Relationship Building 272 Thoughts about Tuning Up an Intentional Network 273


CHAPTER 14. CREATING AN ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR YOUR NETWORK Section 1. Role of the Network Guardian 277 Section 2. Systems to Support Networking and Communication 277 Section 2. A System for Resource Flow 284 Section 3. Designing a Network Support System 287 Personal Communication Assessment 289 Using Social Media to Support Your Network 290 Current communication ecosystem 293 Your Network Communication Strategy 294 Resource Pool 295 Assessment of Your Network’s Support System 296 Ideas for a Support System for Your Network 298 Designing the Network System of Support 300 Thoughts about Network Support Systems 301

CHAPTER 15. NETWORK WEAVER SUPPORTS SYSTEMS Section 1. Network Weaver Roles 302 Section 2. A Support System for Network Weavers 304 Section 3. Training Network Weavers 304 Section 4. Coaching Network Weavers 305 Section 5. Communities of Practice 306 15 Steps to Incubate Network Weavers 311 Sandboxes 313 Wisdom of the Crowd 314 Coaching Sessions 315 Freeing Up Your Time 316 Tracking Priorities 317 Thoughts on Network Weaver Support Systems 318


CHAPTER 16. DEVELOPING YOUR NETWORK STRATEGY Section 2. The Strategy Development Process 321 Section 2. Four System Change Processes 326 Section 3. Transformative networks are multiscalar 329 Drawing Your System 341 Network Evaluation 342 Network Indicators 345 Collective Sensemaking 346 Thoughts about Network Strategy 347


APPENDICES Appendix 1. Building Communities Through Network Weaving 350 Appendix 2. Networks, Self-Organizing, Breakthroughs and Scale: A Case Study 359 Appendix 3. Glossary of Network Terms 371 Appendix 4. Quotes 375 Appendix 5. Bibliography 376



As Connectivist also for PEOPLE, I do recommend it !

jaap van till, The Connectivist

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The USA is Split, will it result in Civil War?

The USA is Split in two populations

If you think that after Biden won from Trump in the presidential election in the USA, the fight against Trumpism and anti-democratic thinking is over, I have bad news for you It is not.

A recent tweet stated that the fight in the USA Senate and House is between Filibusting (GOP) and Democracy (Democrats). This is clearly a simplification and focussing on symptoms of much deeper processes that have been going on for decades. And which are still at work !!! Example: a USA sherrif blaming Jews for Russian Communism (?????).

To better understand those processes star American journalist George Packer has written a book available since July 2021 “Last Best Hope: America in Crisis and Renewal” and it was summarized by him in the very revealing longread article (a mustread, sorry) “How America Fractured Into Four Parts” [ The Atlantic ] for which I give the link below:


Not two America’s, but FOUR groups of BELIEVERS = FOUR RELIGIONS. Each self- and confirming eachother within their bubble. And most of it is not logical, as mr. Spock would say. Ther is no way you can argue with them to correct faults or trying to change their belief. That is a waste of energy. As i found out from a taxidriver in Boston (and one in London too). The trouble is that these groups have stopped listning and communicating with people from the other three beliefs.

In history this splits where connections (my field) failed to work this results sooner or later in conflicts, violence, bullets firing and even civil war. Even as long ago as general Grant. He forcasted that the US split in mindset between southern agriculture (plantations) and northern industries (factories) would not be over after his military victory.

And the sad thing according to George Packer is that none of the isolated Four Beliefs are offering an effective answer to the Crash/Crisis of 2008, which we still are in.

The USA needs a new Religion / Belief System that works ! In my humble opinion we have to live through a transition between Capitalistic “Value Extraction” (at the expense of the many, and Nature) and “Value Creation” by p2p connection between a diversity of skilled people, with cooperation & synergy. Then: recycling and regeneration of ecologies.

To prevent the mentioned conflicts and even civil wars it is urgent that the new paradigms are well understood in society and that the special type of persons i have called #BTWIENERS (sounds better than “weak links”, right?) will weave links between people accross borders and mental dividing lines !

jaap van till, TheConnectivist


A Youtube discusslon can be seen about “The Four Americas” description of George Packer in his book and the article mentioned above: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bJaxXOXGY3g


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How To Stop #Fascism ?!

Expected August 26 2021

((updated on August 16 2021 with the Guardian interview with Paul Mason, see below))

My friend and colleague Paul Mason has written a new book with the above title. With subtitle: History, Ideology, Resistance

Is it urgent to read this? YES. For instance the population of the USA has been manipulated into FOUR (4) different separate beliefs, see the story about that process started after the crash in 2008 in my next blog. About 50 % of the US polulation will vote for Trump if there would be elections now. So the Biden [Democrats] victory did not stop the growth of Fascism (more fancy name: #Authoritarianism). Trump / GOP / Facebook…. have not stopped.

See the announcement of Mason, and I suggest you (pre) order the book and read it! https://twitter.com/paulmasonnews/status/1422092835680133120?s=20

PS. My recipe to construct an answer to fascism is to start organisations that concentrate on P2P Value Creation instead of Value Extraction (the NeoLib market mantra).

jaap van till, TheConnectivist

An interview which describes the main message of this book appeared online at https://www.theguardian.com/books/2021/aug/14/paul-mason-how-to-stop-fascism?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other

====================== text of The Guardian interview===========

Paul Mason: ‘The big lightbulb moment for me was reading Frank Herbert’s Dune when I was 12.’ Photograph: Antonio Olmos/Observer

Paul Mason: ‘Modern fascism’s interests are being represented in government by rightwing populists’ by Killian Fox

The former Channel 4 News broadcaster on writing at 4am, reading Carlo Rovelli and the danger posed by the new wave of fascism that’s on the rise across the world

Killian Fox
Killian Fox

Sat 14 Aug 2021 18.00 BST

Paul Mason was born in Lancashire in 1960, the son of a headmistress and a lorry driver. He started his career as a music teacher before becoming a journalist in the early 90s. He joined BBC’s Newsnight as a business editor in 2001 and he later worked for Channel 4 News, jobs that took him to China, Gaza and across Bolivia. In 2016, Mason quit broadcasting to pursue writing full time. His latest book, How to Stop Fascism, draws from his own anti-fascist activism in the 1970s and 80s and explores how a new wave of fascism in the 21st century can be prevented from rising.

What prompted you to write the book at this particular moment?
In September 2019, I was on a peaceful pro-remain rally in Whitehall that got surrounded by quite violent Brexit supporters, who turned out to be Tommy Robinson fans. They were shouting: “Paul Mason, you’re a Marxist… you’re a traitor to our country.” Ten years ago, such people would have been talking about migrants taking our jobs, and now they’re worried about Theodor Adorno and Walter Benjamin. I realised something had changed: rightwing populism has been given intellectual coherence by the thought architecture of fascism. As someone who’s been involved in anti-fascism on and off for four decades, it made me think, I need to go back and relearn what fascism is.Advertisement

Do you have a concise definition?
We need to be careful, because definitions are not explanations. And when you’re facing a phenomenon like the far right, that mutates quickly, definitions aren’t that useful. But for me, a definitive statement would be that fascism is the mobilisation of people’s fear of freedom after they’ve seen a glimpse of freedom – of the possibility that technological modernity and education and universal rights could actually free us. They’re not just afraid of other people becoming free. Deep down, they fear their own freedom, too.

Looking around the world, do you see fascism still as a sort of closet phenomenon, an incipient threat? Or has it realised itself anywhere?
There is no fascist state in the world. But modern fascism doesn’t want that, it’s happy for now. Its interests are being represented in government by rightwing populists and authoritarians such as Duterte, Erdoğan, Orbán, Bolsonaro and, I’m sorry to say, Johnson. Fascists are quite happy to see these leaders scour the insides of democracy and push narratives that undermine truth, the authority of judges, of academic institutions, because it’s in that space that the fascists do what they do, which is to prepare.

Who do you mean, exactly, when you talk about modern fascism?
I’m talking about fascist or far-right groups such as the Proud Boys in America and the online networks of white supremacists. In the UK, the far-right groups are small but their online influence is large. Who is the proxy for them? Well, they had the Brexit party, they had Ukip, and now they’ve got parts of the Tory party. Rightwing populism is no longer functioning as a kind of firewall that protects us from fascism. It’s functioning as an accelerator.

Is there clear evidence that these groups are on the rise?
There’s no better evidence than the fact that they managed to storm the legislature of the oldest democracy in the world. The evidence in Germany is the double-digit growth for the Alternative für Deutschland, and in Spain the 3 million votes for the Vox party. We can’t obsess about membership figures because, in a networked society, membership figures aren’t the issue. It’s who’s retweeting, who’s posting 10 times a day on a secret Facebook group, and it’s a lot more than a few thousand people.

C4 News is great, but the constraints of public service broadcasting were getting in the way of the truth

Do you feel we are underestimating the fascist threat?
Pentti Linkola, the late Finnish ecofascist, basically said the Earth can sustainably support about half a billion people, and the other six and a half billion ought not to exist. When it comes to choosing who to cull, the implication for modern ecofascism is: those whose future economic development is detrimental to the Earth – in other words, the peoples of the global south. Linkola said this has to happen, if necessary, through war and genocide. Hitler thought in millions. Modern fascism is thinking in billions. And if you believe there’s even a 5% chance that these guys will one day find their path to power, we should be doing far more to debunk and pre-bunk their ideas.

What else should we be doing to stop fascism?
Hannah Arendt described fascism as the temporary alliance of the elite and the mob, and the only thing that ever defeated that was the temporary alliance of the centre and the left – and that’s what we need. We need a better institutional response, meaning anti-fascist laws of the kind that Germany has, including official state surveillance of non-violent groups that are headed towards fascism. But deeper than all of that, we need to create and hold on to an anti-fascist ethos. There is now an overt and legitimised hostility to anti-fascism, because Trump has redefined what it is, by stirring up fear of antifa.

You quit broadcasting in early 2016, just before Brexit, Trump and all that followed. Do you regret missing the opportunity to cover those things as a news journalist?
No, I quit in order to be able to have an opinion for them. I found that the truth I was able to tell in a documentary produced outside Channel 4 was closer to the truth than the truth I was telling for Channel 4. Not because Channel 4 News is in any way bad. It’s probably the greatest place I’ve ever worked. But the constraints of public service broadcasting, I think, were getting in the way of the truth. For them the first thing is impartiality.

Which British politicians do you rate?
Above all Clive Lewis, who understands the need for a central-left alliance, and for it to be based on an ethical anti-fascism. I think Caroline Lucas also gets it, and so does Jamie Driscoll, the North of Tyne mayor. Nadia Whittome is a young MP who speaks for her generation. But that’s about it really.

What books are on your bedside table?
I’m not a huge reader of modern fiction, though I did enjoy Arkady by Patrick Langley. I’m reading a lot about thermodynamics at the moment and I’ve got a textbook by the Nobel prize winner Ilya Prigogine, and the lovely book Helgoland by Carlo Rovelli. I am a huge fan of Thomas Pynchon, I reread his big books every year. I am also a huge fan of Virginia Woolf – both her fiction and nonfiction.

Which nonfiction writers working today do you particularly admire?
Well, Rovelli is one. Adam Tooze is another. Natasha LennardRichard Seymour and Laurie Penny – everything they produce I consume and find value in.

What kind of reader were you as a child, and which books and authors have stayed with you since childhood?
The big lightbulb moment for me was reading Frank Herbert’s Dune when I was 12. I was bought it for my birthday and I literally lay on the floor and read the entire thing in a day. The central concept is something that informs my politics: that the things that are done to the most oppressed people on Earth make it possible for them to defeat the biggest evils on Earth. That was the lesson I took away from Herbert. And I remain of the belief that those to whom bad things are done can find the moral courage to fight back successfully.

What’s your writing routine?
I write quite early. My partner is legendarily frustrated by the fact that I’m sometimes up at 4am. I love the darkness of the early morning.


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Third Transition in Science: to include Evolving Biospheres

From EGO, to ECO

((Blog Updated July 18, 2021))

Summary: We are entering THE AGE OF VALUE CREATION. Do you enter it too?

That requires a totally different mindset from what are the main mantra’s of our present governments, politicians and businessmen, and unfiortunately also most scientists deeply embedded in vested interrests, funding systems and peer reviews. I do not blame any of them but i take the step to bring certain new directions to their attention. I am retired and independant, so I do not care if they agree or not. These mantra’s are based on the #NeoLib (market will solve all problems) faerytale, which is running against its boundaries. For instance things are failing in Health Care, Law, Education,Agriculture, Culture, Law enforcement, Banking, Defense and maintenance of Flora and Fauna. Also the infrastructues of Tranport of goods and people, Tranport of Information (FttH etc) and Transport of Energy are not maintained well everywhere or are seriously lacking. Reason #neoLib is based on Value Extraction, at the expense of People and Nature. Sure, it was a great motor for the economy and society but it is now running at its end

The point is that young people all over the world are concerned an curious what will happen after the Pandemic, which has harmed them and left them lonely and depressed, and after the floods in Europe and other large and small unexpected climate catastrophies. I see it as my task to help them look in new directions they can explore themselves 🙂

The recent paper from Kauffman and Roli, you can download below, marks a major breakthrough in Science. My impression is that it will also have huge impact on our society. In line with the slogan about the Third Transition in Science displayed above.

It is called: “The Third Transition in Science: Beyond Newton and Quantum Mechanics” –A Statistical Mechanics of Emergence–

  1. Here is what a review of it said:


The Third Transition in Science: Beyond Newton and Quantum Mechanics — A Statistical Mechanics of Emergence | by Stuart A. Kauffman & Andrea Roli | ArXiv

[…] It is fundamental to the Newtonian Paradigm that the set of possibilities that constitute the phase space is always definable ahead of time. All of this fails for the diachronic evolution of ever new adaptations in our or any biosphere.
[…] Therefore, with respect to all diachronically emerging adaptations via seizing affordances, no numbers. No integers, no rational numbers, no equations such as 2+3=5. No equations so no irrational numbers. No real line. No equations with variables. No imaginary numbers, no quaternions, no octonions. No Cartesian spaces. No vector spaces. No Hilbert spaces. No union and intersection of uses of X and uses of Y. No first order logic. No combinatorics. No topology. No manifolds. No differential equations on manifolds. Further, without an Axiom of Choice, we cannot integrate and take limits on the differential equations we cannot write.
[…] These facts mean that we are, surprised or not, at the third major transition in science.


2. Here is the formal summary of the paper as submitted to ArXiv :


The Third Transition in Science: Beyond Newton and Quantum Mechanics — A Statistical Mechanics of Emergence

Stuart A. KauffmanAndrea Roli

Since Newton all of classical and quantum physics depends upon the “Newtonian Paradigm” (NP). Here the relevant variables of the system are identified. The boundary conditions creating the phase space of all possible values of the variables are defined. Then, given any initial condition, the differential equations of motion are integrated to yield an entailed trajectory in the pre-stated phase space. In the NP the set of possibilities that constitute the phase space is always definable ahead of time. All of this fails for the diachronic evolution of ever new adaptations in our or any biosphere. The central reason is that living cells achieve Constraint Closure and construct themselves. Living cells, evolving via heritable variation and Natural selection, adaptively construct new in the universe possibilities. The new possibilities are opportunities for new adaptations thereafter seized by heritable variation and Natural Selection. Surprisingly, we can neither define nor deduce the evolving phase spaces ahead of time. The reason we cannot deduce the ever-evolving phase spaces of life is that we can use no mathematics based on Set Theory to do so. The ever-new adaptations with ever-new relevant variables constitute the ever-changing phase space of evolving biospheres. Because of this, evolving biospheres are entirely outside the NP. One consequence is that for any universe such as ours with one or more evolving biospheres, there can be no final theory that entails all that comes to exist. We face a third major transition in science. We must give up deducing the diachronic evolution of the biosphere. All of physics, classical and quantum, however, apply to the analysis of existing life, a synchronic analysis. We begin to better understand the emergent creativity of an evolving biosphere. We are on the edge of inventing a physics-like new statistical mechanics of emergence.

Subjects:Physics and Society (physics.soc-ph); Biological Physics (physics.bio-ph)
Nature is strong and self creating


3. Let me explain my personal interest in this breakthrough paper. Since I was very young in the 1950’s I was amazed at how I and others could take apart/ down ‘things’ into smaller and smaller pieces and then learn how the ‘thing’ worked. I could then repair parts if needed and put the device back together, getting more curious each day. Family and friends started to bring things to me to repair. In the 1960’s lots of news came about atomics and physics finding smaller and smaller particles & waves to comprehend our world and extract value= energy from atomic reaction. Then I started to imagine explorations in the other direction: upwards synthesis. Necessary since for instance if you take living things apart and put them together again, sometthing is gone: LIFE. What would happen if we mix and combine components into greater and greater complexity. I leaned to design and construct networks and help build them for and between companies in Europe. Indeed, running up the stairs of the Tower of Babel. From signals, signs, words, information, data, meaning, imagination, images, and the top level: sociology, biology, wisdom and nature.

Yes, I studied emergent behaviour like in social media but also in ant-hills and how trees communicate in woods. All of this is part of the new “Complexity Science” where we have to find non-mechanic and non quantum explanations. This connects wonderful with the paper described in this blog. The “network effects” that are at work in society and ecosystems (biospheres) I have described in another blog [1]. There I defined a forth network effect which shows how value is created by combining = synthesis (see the direction !) people with diverse skills, to cooperate when they share understanding and a common goal. This value generation which can be attributed to “Synergy”. A very recommendable book about that is written by prof. Peter Corning [2]. I am curious why Stu and Andrea have not mentioned Synergy in their historic paper.

Nature does not ask permission

I am curious what leading edge scientist like Corning, Wolfram, Haramein, Barabasi, Yaneer Bar-Yam, E.O. Wilson, Nowak, Szathmáry, Alexandre Lemille and Csermely will comment on this paper. Maybe we should organize a Second Solvay Conference about the Post Transition Science?

Yes, I am impressed and delighted that we are making a transition to the Era of Systems Biology, Circular Economy and Regenerative Ecologies. If we survive, that is.

Jaap van Till, TheConnectivist

[1] Van Till, 2015, https://theconnectivist.wordpress.com/2015/03/25/np9-engines-for-the-new-power-the-four-network-effects/

[2] Peter Corning, 2018, “Synergistic Selection” – How Cooperation Has Shaped Evolution and the Rise of Humankind -; World Scientific Publishing Co.


For my readers in Brazil: Greed & Extraction vs EcoSystem
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Why has #Belarus Diktator Lukashenko a Problem?

The main reason, which he will not admit to Putin (who is considering Belarus a part of Russia) is that the bright young people in Minsk and other cities succesfully started to do things in mathematics and ICT that he can not grasp or plan. Luka has no clue about High Tech startups, and fears the lack of obedience by the whizz kids to his regime.

For instance this team of Game Developers of the company “Wargaming”, photo shows them in Minsk in 2017. They have now left to #Lithuania, where they wellcome high techies.

Even more frightening to him and his regime are young hero’s who refuse to recognise the power structure that Alexander Lukashenko, president of Belarus has built. This is minus zero obedience .

A very powerful example of such heroic person is Palina

This dialogue took my breath away. And I had to read it again and again. Palina has been sentenced by that court to 2 years inprisonment.

I hope that Amnesty International can contact and assist her, since she clearly is a case of conscience.

Whatever the Diktator, his judges, police , jails , torturers and military do, they can not stop THOUGHTS and Visions, full of hope and anticipation for a wonderful future as part of Nature and all its people on this planet.

jaap van till, TheConnectivist

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The Importance of being OPEN

Open in this context means “you are OPEN for new ideas”. This is in no way evident since most adults are obsessed with the notion that having order in our lives is essential for well being. Most teachers focus therefore on getting children drilled “under control”, obedient and spoon fed with their well established and proven knowledge. That may be not bad but it is not the ONLY thing children should be doing. It is sad if they loose playfulness and creativity, and a bit of daydreaming now and then. 🙂

I could understand & learn very fast and could daydream a lot at school. And later it puzzled me a lot that the best scientist and breakthrough inventors nearly without exception had left school, frustrated because they knew more than their teachers at an early age from reading and listening to family and friends. And by pure self discovery on a broad number of fields. Being curious and perceverent for wanting to know.

It is significant to understand that parents are dividend in two groups when asked what kind of education they prefer for their children: Authoritarian vs in Creative Freedom , see the “Four Questions” in https://theconnectivist.wordpress.com/2017/01/05/the-present-revolt-1-authoritarianism-demanded-by-the-insecure/ very roughly this divided Trump voters vs. Biden voters.

Authoritarians insist on “Law and Order” in my humble opinion because they are nervous about rapid changes and can not cope with complexity and uncertainty. Religion and certain populist political parties then provide structure and answer as safe havens. It is better though to learn together to steer our boats through the waves of the oceans and LEARN to cope. Gibran, Jezus , Krisnamurti and Rumi teached us to have empathy, joy, play, dance, cooperate democratic, create art and music to create value by synergy and imagination to be part of natures ecology

Not only that but it is important for all of us and our future that such OPEN curiosity is not frustrated. Why? Because such CURIOUS people stumble on quite unexpected new knowledge and knowhow, essential for solving problems and opening new avenues of thought and experimentation.

In a very wonderful and for me very recognizable book this importance for our future is shown:

“Open – How Collaboration and Curiosity Shaped Humankind “ by Johan Norberg from Sweden. 2021. English but German and NL language versions are available too. Latest version Pocket Book: May 6 2021, with new Preface !

I very warmly recommend you read this book. It not only focusses on People with open minds, but also very much on rebuilding our INSTITUTIONS to function OPEN = as places where all of us can learn, be treated or are meeting the law. Bad news for bureaucrats and other controlaholics: we urgently need these young and old explorers and reaserch institutions looing into still unknown fields of thought and who can by meeting Create Value for all of us to enjoy. They will learn us to better cope with the unexpected and complex.

In essence it is an Anti-Authoritarian book, and very welcome in our fight against their rotten and destructive ideas.

Review on the Amazon site :

Humanity’s embrace of openness is the key to our success. The freedom to explore and exchange – whether it’s goods, ideas or people – has led to stunning achievements in science, technology and culture. As a result, we live at a time of unprecedented wealth and opportunity. So why are we so intent on ruining it? From Stone Age hunter-gatherers to contemporary Chinese-American relations, Open explores how across time and cultures, we have struggled with a constant tension between our yearning for co-operation and our profound need for belonging. Providing a bold new framework for understanding human history, bestselling author and thinker Johan Norberg examines why we’re often uncomfortable with openness – but also why it is essential for progress. Part sweeping history and part polemic, this urgent book makes a compelling case for why an open world with an open economy is worth fighting for more than ever.

And…… It is a joy to read 🙂

jaap van till, TheConnectivist

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How to Organize a Nonviolent Revolt


Revolts, for instance against poluters, burning of forrests, and destruction of Barrier Reefs.

Our world is in the midst of a number of huge transitions. I described a number of them in a chapter I wrote for a book, see “Sneak-peek” in: https://theconnectivist.wordpress.com/2020/10/21/down-with-dicktators-and-their-managers/ Let us pray these huge transitions will be bloodless, so if you revolt do it on a city-regional scale. And show tolerance for those old souls who are unable to change.

And many very successful social-economic recipes, like #neolib capitalism and #hierarchies , do not function anymore. So we have to make CONSTRUCTIVE changes and learn while doing so. However, we are often manipulated, sidetracked and obstructed by oligarchs and groups with vested interests in the present power & control structures. Examples: Belorus, Miramar, Thailand, etc.

The powerful recipe for planning and Doing nonviolent revolt is shown below. I do add some extra advice.

  • Do the collective actions leaderless. This makes the activity less vulnerable.
  • Apply as many as possible totally unexpected acts: “Audace Audace Audace” was the slogan of the French Revolutionaries.
  • Use peer-to-peer communication channels for #Modemocracy, fast and spread widely, open to many people. I will not go into details, but blocking them also hurts the economy.
  • Plan ahead how to run society together after you gained control. Beware of new dictators waiting their turn for power, by neutralizing their friends, like Napoleon, Zuckerberg, Stalin or Mao.
  • Very good advice is also given by the rulebook of Alinsky (known by Obama and Hil Clinton), see: https://theconnectivist.wordpress.com/2015/10/13/alinskys-rules-for-legit-non-violent-rebels/
  • Beware that the tyrannical regime people you want to fight can also read things on internet. An example is the very interesting list of actions to go From Dictatorship To Democracy (FTDT) used succesfully in Ex-Jugoslavia and Egypt, failed in Iran because activists where arrested and tried in court where the judges in their sentence referred to the specific FTDT article by number.

In short: Do not fear, Plan, Do and Learn together !!! Creating value by Connected Synergy is more important than power. Collective Intelligence by networking, with distributed Authority should be the aim.

jaap van till, TheConnectivist

=============The Path to Most Resistance============================

From TWITTER: @IvanMarovic ‘s highly pragmatic, exquisitely useful book, The Path of Most Resistance: A Step-by-Step Guide to Planning Nonviolent Campaigns is a must read, must have & must use book. Review: https://t.co/jzJA6BQ7F2 includes link for FREE pdf download from @CivilResistance

The book can be downloaded in full (108 pages) from:


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Book by Luc Sala about Corona in NL

  1. Luc Sala published a book, May 2021, in the NL language about Corona in our country. The book, including photos, can be downloaded from: www.lucsala.nl/coronaboek.pdf

2. A rough English translation can be found here: www.lucsala.nl/coronadutch.pdf

Both versions are updated nearly daily with comments and improvements, so that is why I have not posted the full text of the books here.

3. I have to add that this book NL or English version is the personal opinion of Luc Sala, and not automatically mine.

4. I have posted March 2020 my views about the Virality (fastness of exponential spreading) of the Covid -19 Virus on these pages: https://theconnectivist.wordpress.com/2020/03/30/what-makes-the-corona-virus-so-viral/

5. Furthermore I recommend you follow the publications of prof. Yaneer Bar-Yam of the NECSI who has tracked and is daily tracking with his students and staff the spread of the virus in most countries of the world.

Yaneer Bar-Yam – Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Ya…

Prof. BarYam is the president of Cambridge, Massachusetts-based NECSI, an independent research institution and think tank dedicated to the study of complex systems. (New England Complex Systems Institute).

And he has given a comprehensive list of government actions to follow to fight the outbreak. You can follow his recommendations and observations on Twitter: Yaneer Bar-Yam (@yaneerbaryam) | Twitter.

jaap van till, TheConnectivist

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Welcome back to the Civil Society

Many years ago I launched the idea of the “Trias Internetica” , that in the Internet Age we can reasign certain tasks over three poles: The State (long term general interests) / Business (the invisible hand of the Market) / Civil Society (volunteers and assistance). And in the graph I added when these poles where overextended: Bureaucratic Dictatorship / Monopolies / Racism, closed tribes and Nationalism. My point was that we need all three poles so they can suppport eachother and create Synthecracy.

In practice we could see. a trend of govenments and their civil servants transfered (or tried to) public tasks like [Education, Military, Health care, social housing, public transport] to be “better handled in the market” (#NeoLib policy), often in the hands of friends of the govt. (greedy to make profits, like on the NHS in UK).

Most of these transfers failed, and costed billions. So now we can notice an reversal in the thinking. May be these services should be re-nationalized in the capable hands of the State? Since most of the knowhow and engineering skills have vanished there ( NL Rijkswaterstaat is managed by PR people) we can foresee that this will end in new costly catastrophes.

The newest fad is to handle things in state controled companies but involve more able people from the Public, as many as possible. And so construct more Democratic ventures with clear objectives (see my next blog). (Demos = the People)

Marleen Stikker of “de Waag” innovation braintrust and project office in Amsterdam agues that “letting civillians participate in State ventures” is bound to fail also, since it is the wrong way around. She proposes to let the state participate in Civil Society ventures, like those that look extremely promising in Cities and City Areas. Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Barcelona have be been doing very well in that respect.

My position is that Task of constructive ventures and services should be assigned to the proper corner in the Trias Internetica and at least shoud stop trying to do eachother’s work. Knowhow, Skills and Getting Results are quite visible on Internet and in the human networks that support value creation, see https://theconnectivist.wordpress.com/2021/04/07/get-the-3rd-network-working-in-your-organization-the-value-creation-structure/

jaap van till, TheConnectivist

===== paper by Marleen Stikker (in Dutch)===(English Translation will follow I hope)

<Re-blogged here with her permission>


Quote: “If you ask me what participation is, I think mainly of the initiative from society. I think for too long we have seen participation as involving citizens in the government’s policy process. This rarely leads to good dialogue or serious involvement. Rather, the question is how can we ensure that the government participates adequately in society’s initiative.” Marleen Stikker as chairman of Overlegorgaan Fysieke Leefomgeving | OFL

Voorzittersblog: Marleen Stikker

26-04-2021 0 mensen vinden dit leuk. Klik als je dit leuk vindt.

Maatschappelijk initiatief als ‘derde weg’ voor participatie

Als je mij vraagt wat participatie is, dan denk ik vooral aan het initiatief uit de maatschappij. Ik denk dat we participatie te lang hebben gezien als het betrekken van de burger bij het beleidsproces van de overheid. Dat leidt zelden tot een goede dialoog of serieuze betrokkenheid. De vraag is eerder hoe we ervoor kunnen zorgen dat de overheid adequaat participeert in het initiatief van de samenleving.

Het maatschappelijk initiatief is in veel domeinen ongelooflijk sterk aan het worden; niet alleen in de energietransitie, maar ook bij opgaves op het gebied van wonen, vervoer en het sociale domein. Het maatschappelijk initiatief is een combinatie van actief burgerschap, collectiviteit en sociaal ondernemerschap. Het wordt ook wel de ‘derde weg’ genoemd: we hebben lang gedacht dat we alleen de overheid of de markt als betrouwbare route hadden om iets te bereiken, maar dat is een enorme beperking van de mogelijkheden. Ik zie dat maatschappelijk initiatief een serieuze factor is, waar je beleid op moet inrichten en modellen voor moet creëren.

In de afgelopen dertig jaar heeft de overheid grote delen van wat eerder nutsvoorzieningen of maatschappelijk goed was overgeleverd aan de markt. We zien nu dat het uit de hand is gelopen en dat marktwerking in veel gevallen niet tot beter resultaat leidt. De organisatie van het publiek domein, een combinatie van publieke infrastructuur, publieke diensten en publieke bronnen, is ondermijnd.

Dat de overheid de burger tot klant heeft gemaakt van de overheid draagt niet bij de legitimiteit van de overheid. Het beeld dat de burger louter calculerend is en, ten koste van anderen, het eigen belang nastreeft is een cynisch mensbeeld dat al veel te lang in beleidskringen rondwaart. Mensen zijn van nature coöperatief, anders overleven we niet, en over het algemeen geneigd om samen te werken. We vormen groepen en organisaties rond gezamenlijke thema’s. Dat kan sport zijn, spel, maar ook maatschappelijke opgaven. Er is een groot zelf-oplossend vermogen in de samenleving die we moeten stimuleren. Als we het maatschappelijk initiatief serieus nemen, dan vraagt dat om het wijzigen van het overheidsinstrumentarium en beleidsprocessen. Je zult andere economische modellen moeten hanteren zodat andere vorm van waarde kan worden gewaardeerd en de extractie van waarde wordt beperkt. Het is een systemische verandering. Het maakt het mogelijk om in nieuwe configuraties complexe en multidisciplinaire opgaven op te pakken. Configuraties waar diverse organisaties aan kunnen bijdragen: overheden, bedrijven, maatschappelijke organisaties en alle tussenvormen daarvan.

Voor deze vorm van participatie rond ruimtelijke opgaves heb je een nieuwe aanpak nodig. Minder belangenbehartiging en stakeholder management en meer als een gezamenlijk ontwerpproces. Daarvoor zijn drie dingen nodig. Het begint met een responsieve overheid die erkent dat zij haar legitimiteit ontleent aan een maatschappelijke democratie. De hoogste prioriteit is om die maatschappelijke democratie te versterken in plaats van te ondermijnen. Ten tweede is het cruciaal om het publieke domein te herstellen en te borgen in governance en economische modellen. Als laatste zullen we onze verbeelding en creativiteit moeten aanspreken om vraagstukken vanuit een ander kader *) te bezien. Dat wordt ook wel frame innovation genoemd. We hebben nieuwe gezichtspunten nodig om oplossingen te vinden, die we vanuit het oude kader niet voor mogelijk houden.

In het programma aardgasvrije wijken zie je bijvoorbeeld hoe in sommige wijken energietransitie wordt gecombineerd met sociale vraagstukken. Door het eigenaarschap in de wijk te versterken, komen nieuwe relaties tot stand die leiden tot nieuwe vitaliteit, betrokkenheid en maatschappelijke kansen. Door niet energietransitie als frame te gebruiken, maar de sociale cohesie in een wijk komt je tot andere oplossingen Die hebben we nodig.


*) That “other mental framework” can make use of what we have shown in the Musk Manifest : https://theconnectivist.wordpress.com/2021/05/03/the-musk-manifesto/

=======translation of Marleen Stikkers paper =======

Social initiative as a "third way" for participation

If you ask me what participation is, I think mainly of the initiative from society. I think for too long we have seen participation as involving citizens in the government's policy process. This rarely leads to good dialogue or serious involvement. Rather, the question is how can we ensure that the government participates adequately in civil society's initiatives. 

Social initiative is becoming incredibly strong in many areas; not only in the energy transition, but also in the areas of housing, transport and the social domain. The social initiative is a combination of active citizenship, collectivity and social entrepreneurship. It is also called the "third way": we have long thought that we only had the government or the market as a reliable route to achieve something, but that is a huge limitation of the possibilities. I see that social initiative is a serious factor, for which you have to structure policy and create models.

Over the past thirty years, the government has turned over large parts of what used to be utility services or social good to the market. We now see that things have gotten out of hand and that market forces in many cases do not lead to better results. The organization of the public domain, a combination of public infrastructure, public services and public resources, has been undermined.

The fact that the government has made citizens a customer of the government does not contribute to the legitimacy of the government. The image that citizens are merely calculating and, at the expense of others, pursue their own interests is a cynical image of humanity that has been circulating in policy circles for far too long. People are cooperative by nature, otherwise we won't survive, and generally tend to cooperate. We form groups and organizations around common themes. That can be sports, games, but also social tasks. There is a great self-resolving capacity in society that we must stimulate. If we take social initiative seriously, it requires changes to government instruments and policy processes. You will have to use different economic models so that other form of value can be valued and the extraction of value is limited. It's a systemic change. It makes it possible to tackle complex and multidisciplinary tasks in new configurations. Configurations to which various organizations can contribute: governments, companies, social organizations and all intermediate forms thereof.

You need a new approach for this form of participation in spatial planning. Less advocacy and stakeholder management and more like a collaborative design process. Three things are needed for that. It starts with a responsive government that recognizes that it derives its legitimacy from a social democracy. The highest priority is to strengthen rather than undermine this social democracy. Second, it is crucial to restore and safeguard the public domain in governance and economic models. Finally, we will have to use our imagination and creativity to view issues from a different framework *). This is also called frame innovation. We need new points of view to find solutions that we do not think possible from the old framework. 

In the natural gas-free neighborhoods program, you can see, for example, how energy transition is combined with social issues in some neighborhoods. By strengthening ownership in the neighborhood, new relationships are created that lead to new vitality, involvement and social opportunities. By not using energy transition as a frame, but using the social cohesion in a neighborhood, you will arrive at other solutions. We need them.
==============================end of translation======
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